Did you ever wonder what the live weight of your harvested deer was? Or how much room you will need in your freezer? The following is an easy way of estimating a deer’s vitals; it is simple mathematics.
This is the live-weight formula for deer when you know the field-dressed weight. At check-in the eviscerated carcass is about 78.5 percent of live weight; therefore, multiply the field-dressed weight by 1.27 (or about one-quarter increase) to get the live weight. So a dressed deer that tips the scale at 100 pounds had a live weight of 127.
How much meat will go into the freezer? That field-dressed carcass, which includes the head and hide, is about 58 percent boneless meat. If it is butcher-ready (head, hide and hooves removed), there is 72 percent boneless meat.
Let's say that you take a big buck this year that tips the check-in scales at 186 pounds. The live weight was 236 pounds, and the butcher owes you about 108 pounds of meat. With a 20-pound donation to Hunters For the Hungry you stuff 88 pounds into your freezer.
How about that big Tennessee bull elk taken in 2015. Field dressed at 547 pounds, the live weight was 695 pounds, and that amounts to 317 pounds of delicious venison.
Here is more on deer vitals: Most Tennessee deer hunters check in their deer online, so they miss out on getting their prizes weighed and the ages calculated by a TWRA official. Not to worry. Here is how you can get a good estimate of both, thanks to the Pennsylvania Game Commission website.
Since deer are born around April or May, their age during hunting season is usually six months (a fawn), 1.5 years (a yearling), 2.5 years (adult), etc. The PGC website has a seven-minute video that explains how to age a deer by inspecting the teeth, especially the significance of five molars per side, six molars, slight wear, and heavy wear.
To estimate a harvested deer’s live weight without actually weighing it, a measuring tape and the posted PGC chart is all that is needed. Measure the girth of the chest just behind the front legs. The chart tells you the deer’s live weight, the field-dressed weight and the edible boneless meat. As an example, a deer’s chest measuring 35 inches would indicate 126 pounds live weight, 99 pounds dressed, and 57 pounds of boned venison.
Go to www.pgc.state.pa.us, find the Deer Hunting section, and select Deer Aging or Deer Weight Chart. For a special measuring tape that has all the chart information printed on it (It costs only 94 cents), order it at: Make a Purchase-the Outdoor Shop-Merchandise-Miscellaneous Items.